On February 20th, 1909, a belligerent manifesto announcing the birth of the Futurist movement appeared on the front page of the Paris newspaper Le Figaro and sent immediate shockwaves throughout Europe. The author, a young Italian poet named F.T. Marinetti, demanded that writers and artists reject the classic art of the past and celebrate the dynamic technology of modern city life. Joined by a group of like-minded artists, over the following years Marinetti pioneered an art that would eulogise speed and industry, in a reaction against the stasis of the classics, and even against contemporary movements such as Cubism. Available in English for the first time in over 20 years, the Futurist Manifestos are fiery, explosive and witty, and crucial to any full appreciation of modern art.
The Anhoek School is a pedagogical experiment that investigates alternatives to traditional American methods for learning. This book undoes the benign voice of the standardized test, awakens the reader to the history of violence embedded in the form and activates it as a site for aesthetic expression.